White Smoke
 

 

White Smoke #1
Potassium nitrate.................................4
Charcoal..........................................5
Sulfur............................................10
Wood dust.........................................3

White Smoke #2
Potassium nitrate.................................12
Fine charcoal..........................................1
Sulfur............................................16

White Smoke #3
Zinc oxide....................................22
Zinc dust......................................28
Hexachloroethane..............................50

White Smoke #4
Zinc dust......................................2
Hexachloroethane..............................1

White Smoke #5
Potassium chlorate......................20
Ammonium chloride.........................50
Napthalene.....................................20
Charcoal.........................................10

White Smoke #6
Potassium chlorate......................40
Ammonium chloride........................45
Montan wax....................................12
Kieselguhr.................................3

White Smoke #7
Potassium chlorate......................29
Cinnamic acid..............................27
Lactose........................................29
Kaolin...........................................15

White Smoke #8
Potassium nitrate...............................48.5
Sulfur............................................48.5
Realgar.........................................3

White Smoke #9
Potassium nitrate...............................66
Realgar............................................13
Charcoal.........................................5
Lampblack......................................5
Dextrin............................................11

Smoke Composition #1
The mixture is most succesfull when prepared by melting the sugar and potassium nitrate together on low heat, but this requires good stirring, and there is a risk of accidential ignition. The molten mixture can be poured in cardboard containers and a fuse insterted while the mixture solidifies.

Potassium nitrate.................................50
Sugar.............................................50

Smoke Composition #2

The mixture is difficult to ignite. Hexachloroethane is poisonous, and can be replaced by 72 parts PVC. This, however, makes the mixture yet harder to ignite. The zinc oxide can be replaced by titanium dioxide (2 parts ZnO replaced by 1 part TiO2). The smoke is slightly irritating and not suitable for indoor use.

Zinc oxide........................................45
Hexachloroethane..................................45
Aluminum..........................................10

Smoke Composition #3

Zinc powder.......................................35
CCl4..............................................41
Zinc oxide........................................20
Diatomeous earth..................................5

Smoke Composition #4
Zinc powder.......................................25
CCl4..............................................50
Zinc oxide........................................20
Diatomeous earth..................................5

Smoke Composition #5
Heat of reaction: 2.579 kJ/g, Gas volume: 62 cm3/g, ignition temperature: 475C, impact sensitivity test: 15% of TNT

Zinc..............................................69
Potassium perchlorate.............................19
Hexachlorobenzene.................................12

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