Priming Charges
 

Priming Composition #1
Good for torches.
Barium nitrate....................................4
Potassium nitrate.................................3
Sulfur............................................1
Shellac...........................................1

Priming Composition #2
Potassium permanganate............................54
Powdered iron.....................................47

Priming Composition #3
Suitable for priming most stars. Chlorate stars or stars containing ammonium compounds should never be primed with this composition. It can be stored in small plastic containers.

Potassium nitrate, fine, sieved...................75
Sulfur, fine (preferably flour)...................10
Charcoal, fine, sieved............................15

Priming Composition #4
Suitable for priming stars. Aluminum and manganese dioxide aid in ignition, but are not necessary.

Potassium perchlorate.............................80
Charcoal, fine....................................15
Red gum...........................................4
Manganese dioxide (optional) .....................9
Aluminum, (fine flake or pyro grade; optional)....4
Dextrin...........................................2

Priming Composition #5
This type of prime helps reduce the friction and impact sensitivity of chlorate stars which is especially important when shells fire from the mortar and experience set-back or "kick" from lift acceleration.

Potassium perchlorate.............................68
Charcoal, air float...............................20
Silicon or Aluminum...............................9
Dextrin...........................................3

Priming Composition #6
This prime is safe to use with chlorate stars and gives a much better color than a black powder prime. The difference is most noticable on red stars which tend to a dark salmon color when primed with black powder.
Dissolve the potassium nitrate in hot water and mix with the charcoal.

Potassium chlorate................................52
Potassium nitrate.................................8
Charcoal..........................................30
Lampblack.........................................10
Binder............................................+5%

Priming Composition #7
A standard black powder priming cannot be used with stars that contain ammonium perchlorate, since a double decomposition reaction forms the highly hygroscopic ammonium nitrate. This makes the stars unignitable. Replacing the potassium nitrate prime by this priming composition solves that problem.

Sodium nitrate....................................80
Paulownia coal....................................15
Sulfur............................................5

Priming Composition #8
Used for strobe stars of ammonium perchlorate base to prevent nitrates from the outer priming to react with the ammonium perchlorate. The layer should be at least 1-2mm thick.

Potassium perchlorate.............................74
Rosin (BL combustion agent) or Red gum............12
Hemp coal (or paulownia coal).....................6
Aluminum (fine flake).............................3
Potassium bichromate..............................5

Priming Torch #1
Rammed torch, 3/8" diameter, 12" long for lighting other works.
Meal powder.................................................1
Sulfur..............................................................2
Saltpeter..........................................................5

Priming Torch #2
Rammed torch, 3/8" diameter, 12" long for lighting other works.
Sulfur..............................................................4
Saltpeter..........................................................5
Charcoal................................................................1

 

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